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A-Z Dictionary of Export, Trade and Shipping Terms

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

R

Rail Car
A wheeled wagon used for the carriage of cargo by rail.
Rail Consignment Note
A document evidencing a contract for the transport of goods by rail.
Ramp
An artificial inclined path, road or track along which wheeled vehicles, cargo and trailers maypass for the purpose of changing their elevation and facilitating the loading and unloadingoperation (e.g. an entrance way into a Roll-on Roll-off vessel
Ramp Handling
See Platform Handling
Rate
  1. The price of a transport service.
  2. Quantity, amount or degree measured or applied.
Rate of Calculation
A factor for the calculation of an amount.
Rate of Exchange
The basis upon which money of one country will be exchanged for that of another. Rates of exchange are established and quoted for foreign currencies on the basis of the demand, supply, and stability of the individual currencies. See "Exchange."
Rate of Turn
The figure indicating the speed of a change of course of a means of transport expressed indegrees per minute.
Rating
A class to which an article is assigned.
Re-invoicing
The procedure whereby goods shipped directly from a supplier to the customer are invoicedin two stages: at first by the supplier to an intermediary and subsequently by the intermediaryto the customer.
Rebate
That part of a transport charge which the carrier agrees to return.
Receipt
A written acknowledgement, that something has been received.
Receiving Carrier
The carrier receiving a consignment on behalf of a carrier, agent or shipper for onwardtransport.
Receiving Stock
The stock comprising all the goods that have arrived at the door of the receiving organisationand which is not yet available in the stock of that organisation.
Reconditioning
All activities connected with restoring and or adjusting the packaging of a product. In suchmanner that it can be presented to the customer in the requested form.
Reconditioning of Garments
The act or process of bringing garments after transport in shop's condition.
Redelivery
  1. Return of a shipment to the party who originally delivered it to the carrier (aircargo).
  2. Return of a charter vessel to the owners.
Reefer Cargo
Cargo requiring temperature control.
Reefer Container
A thermal container with refrigerating appliances (mechanical compressor unit, absorptionunit etc.) to control the temperature of cargo.
Refund
The repayment to the purchaser of the total charge or a portion of that charge for unusedcarriage.
Region
Specified geographical area for operational purposes.
Register Ton
The unit of measurement for the internal capacity of a vessel whereby one register tonequals 100 cubic feet (2.83 cubic meter). The gross (bruto) tonnage comprises all spacesbelow the main (tonnage) deck and the enclosed spaces above the main (tonnage) deck lessexempted spaces.

The net tonnage consists of the gross tonnage less exemptions like ballast tanks, engineroom, living quarters etc. The register tonnage is mentioned on the tonnage certificate.

Registration Authority (Key Management)
Registration Authority is used as an entry point for users to set-up links by using someexisting trusted means such as registered letters of personal enrolment. This registration willalso form the legal basis for the use of digital signatures by the user, if required, although thisaspect in itself is not key management. Once this registration has been established, the usercredentials and his public key are passed on the Certification Authority with a request forcertification.
Regroupage
The process of splitting up shipments into various consignments (degroupage) andcombining these small consignments into other shipments (groupage).
Rejection
Non-acceptance of e.g. cargo.
Release Order
A document issued by or on behalf of the carrier authorising the release of import cargoidentified thereon and manifested under a single Bill of Lading.
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Reliability of Delivery
The reliability of a supplier concerning the agreed terms of delivery with regard to the quality,quantity, delivery time, conditions and price.
Replacement
Indicating that a subject is interchangeable with another subject, but which differs physicallyfrom the original subject in that the installation of the replacement subject requires extramachining or provisions in addition to the normal application and methods of attachment.
Replenishment
Completion of stock.
Repudiation
The denial by a user of having participated in part or all of a communication.
Rerouting
The route to be followed as altered from the one originally specified in the transportdocument.
Reservation
Allotment in advance of space or weight capacity. Also referred to as 'booking'.
Reserve Inventory
See Safety Stock
Resources
Organisations, People or Computer systems carrying out the activities.
Responsible Carrier
  1. The carrier liable under the terms of a consortium Bill of Lading.
  2. Carrier responsible for the transport of goods as indicated in the transportdocument.
Returns
Goods returned to their place of acceptance.
Revenue
Amounts of income stemming from the provision of transport services.
Reverse Distribution
The collection of used, damaged, or outdated products and/or packaging from end-users.
Revocable
Applied to letters of credit. A revocable letter of credit is one which can be altered or canceled by the buyer after he has opened it through his bank. See "Irrevocable."
Rinacertificate
Certificate issued by the Italian Government for carrying dangerous goods in Italian Waters.
Road Carrier
Party undertaking transport by road of goods from one point to another such as indicated inthe contract.
Road Vehicle
A means of transport capable and allowed to move over public roads and other landways.
ROI
Return On Investment.
Roll Trailer
Special trailer for terminal haulage and stowage on board of Roll-on Roll-off vessels.

Also referred to as Mafi Trailer.

Roll-on Roll-off
Abbreviation: RoRo
System of loading and discharging a vessel whereby the cargo is driven on and off by meansof a ramp.
Rolling Resistance
The total frictional force that a tire, a set of tires or all the tires on a vehicle is developing withthe road.
Rotation
Sequence in which a vessel calls at the ports on her itinerary.
Round Trip
A voyage, a journey etc. to a certain place, port or country and back again.
Route
The track along which goods are (to be) transported.
Routing
  1. The determination of the most efficient route(s) that people, goods, materials andor means of transport have to follow.
  2. The process of determining how a shipment will be moved between consignor andconsignee or between place of acceptance by the carrier and place of delivery tothe consignee.
  3. The process of aiding a vessel's navigation by supplying long range weatherforecasts and indicating the most economic and save sailing route.
Royalty Payment
The share of the product or profit paid by a licensee to his licenser. See "Licensing."
Row
A vertical division of a vessel from starboard to portside, used as a part of the indication of astowage place for containers. The numbers run from midships to both sides.
Rush Baggage
See Expedite Baggage
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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
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