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A-Z Dictionary of Export, Trade and Shipping Terms

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

H

Hague Protocol
Amendment of the Warsaw convention at The Hague, September 28, 1955 (air cargo).
Hague Rules
International convention for the unification of certain rules, relating to Bills of Lading (1924).These Rules include the description of responsibilities of Shipping Lines.
Hague-Visby Rules
Set of rules, published in 1968, amending the Hague Rules.
Half Height Container
An open top container, fitted with or without soft or hard cover, 4'3" in height.
Halyard
Light rope or tackle fitted to a staff, spar or gaff used for flying flags.
Hamburg Rules
United Nations Convention on the carriage of goods by sea of 1978 adopted in 1992.
Handling Charges
The forwarder's fee to his shipper client.
Handling Instructions
Indication how cargo is to be handled.
Handling Service
Service concerning the physical handling of cargo.
Harbour
Place of shelter for vessels. Most of the time used as an indication for the geographicallocation.
Harmonized System
Abbreviation: HS
It is a numeric multi purpose system, the international convention on the HS wasestablished under auspices of the World Customs Organisation in 1983, for the classificationof goods with its six digits covering about 5000 descriptions of the products or groups ofproducts most commonly produced and traded. It is designed for customs services, but canalso be used for statistics, transport purposes, export, import and manufacturing.
Hatch Cover
Watertight means of closing the hatchway of a vessel.
Hatch Way
Opening in the deck of a vessel through which cargo is loaded into, or discharged from thehold and which is closed by means of a hatch cover.
Haulage
The inland carriage of cargo or containers between named locations/points.
  1. Merchant inspired Carrier Haulage or customer nominated Carrier Haulage or shipperpreferred Carrier Haulage service performed by a sub-contractor of the merchant.
  2. Carrier inspired Merchant Haulage means Haulage service performed by a sub-contractor of the Carrier
Haulier
Road carrier.
Header Board
See Bulkhead (road cargo)
Heated Container
Thermal container served by a heat producing appliance.
Heavy Lift
Single commodity exceeding the capacity of normal loading equipment and requiring specialequipment and rigging methods for handling.
Heavy Lift Vessel
A vessel specially designed and equipped for the carriage of heavy cargo.
Hedging
Buying or selling earlier and more than really needed in order to protect the company againstprice increases or shortages of commodities or components to realise profits when pricesfluctuate.
Heuristic
The process of solving problems by evaluating each step in the progress, searching forsatisfactory solutions rather than optimal solutions. It comprises XE "A form of problemsolving where the results are determined by ex" a form of problem solving where the resultsare determined by experience or intuition instead of by optimisation.
Hinterland
The inland area served by a certain port.
Hitchment Cargo
An amount of goods which is added to an original consignment as the owner and thedestination are the same as those of the original consignment.
Hogged
Loading condition of a vessel in such a way that the centre of the vessel is slightly raised(arch-wise in the centre).
Hold
The space below the deck of a vessel, used to carry cargo.
Home Port
The port of registration of a vessel.
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Hot Hatch
Sequenced on deck loading of containers to enable priority discharge at arrival port usuallyrequired for direct discharge to vehicle to meet a Just In Time delivery.
House Address
Place of receipt respectively delivery (name and address) in case of carrier haulage.
House to House Transport
The transport of cargo from the premises of the consignor to the premises of the consignee.

Note: In the United States the term 'Point to Point Transport' is used instead of the term'Door to Door Transport', because the term 'house' may mean 'customs house' or 'brokershouse', which are usually located in the port.

Hub
The central transhipment point in a transport structure, serving a number of consigneesand/or consignors by means of spokes. The stretches between hubs mutually are referred toas trunks.
Huckepack Carriage
See Piggyback
Hull
Outer shell of a vessel, made of steel plates or other suitable material to keep water outsidethe vessel.
Husbanding
Taking care of a vessel's non cargo related operations as instructed by the master or ownerof such vessel.
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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
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