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A-Z Dictionary of Export, Trade and Shipping Terms

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

G

Gang
A number of workmen acting together especially for loading and/or discharging operations ofa vessel in combination with the necessary gear. (On a vessel for instance 6 gangs can beordered to discharge or load.)
Gangway
Bridge laid from an opening in the railing or side of a vessel to the shore or to a platform withthe purpose of giving access to and from the vessel.
Gantry Crane
A crane or hoisting machine mounted on a frame or structure spanning an intervening space,which often travels on rails.
Garments On Hangers
Clothes in containers on hangers and hung from rails during transit, reducing the handlingrequired for the garments.
Gateway
  1. A point at which cargo is interchanged between carriers or modes of transport.
  2. A means of access, an entry.
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
The General Agreements on Tariffs and Trade is a multilateral trade treaty among governments, embodying rights and obligations. The detailed rules set out in the Agreement constitute a code which the parties to the Agreement have agreed upon to govern their trading relationships.
General License (Export)
Government authorization to export without specific documentary approval.
Gen-set
Motor generator set as power source for, e.g., thermal containers.
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
Abbreviation: GATT
Major international agreement on trade and tariffs between many nations all over the world.The discussions are now held by the WTO.
General Average
Abbreviation: G/A
Intentional act or sacrifice which is carried out to safeguard vessel and cargo. When a vesselis in danger, the master has the right to sacrifice property and/or to incur reasonableexpenditure. Measures taken for the sole benefit of any particular interest are not consideredgeneral average.
General Average Act (York-Antwerp Rules)
There is a general average act when, and only when any extraordinary sacrifice orexpenditure is intentionally and reasonably made or incurred for the common safety for thepurpose of preserving from peril the property involved in a common maritime adventure.
General Average Statement
This shows in detail all general average costs and expenses and the contribution of eachinterest in the general average in proportion to its value.
General Cargo
  1. Cargo, consisting of goods, unpacked or packed, for example in cartons, crates, bags orbales, often palletised. General cargo can be shipped either in breakbulk orcontainerised.
  2. Any consignment other than a consignment containing valuable cargo and charged fortransport at general cargo rates (air cargo).
General Cargo Rate
Abbreviation: GCR
The rate for the carriage of cargo other than a class rate or specific commodity rate (aircargo).
General Purpose Container
A container used for the carriage of general cargo without any special requirements for thetransport and or the conditioning of the goods.
Germanischer Lloyd
German classification society.
Godown
A warehouse or cargo shed. This term is often used in the Far East.
Goods
  1. Common term indicating movable property, merchandise or wares.
  2. All materials which can be used to satisfy demands.
  3. Whole or part of the cargo received from the shipper, including any equipment suppliedby the shipper.
Goods Control Certificate
Document issued by a competent body evidencing the quality of goods described therein, inaccordance with national or international standards, or conforming to legislation in theimporting country, or as specified in the contract.
Goods Flow
The direction and path of the movement of goods and sequence of placement of those goodsin a supply chain.
Goods Item
A separate identifiable quantity of products or articles of a single type.
Goods Receipt
Document issued by a port, warehouse, shed, or terminal operator acknowledging receipt ofgoods specified therein on conditions stated or referred to in the document.
Goods in Transit
The goods which have departed from the initial loading point and not yet arrived at the finalunloading point.
Gooseneck
  1. Gooseneck shaped front end of a trailer or chassis.
  2. Recess front bottom of a container to reduce the total height of the chassis pluscontainer.
Green Equipment Availability
The availability of environmentally friendly equipment for transport.
Grid Number
An indication of the position of a container in a bay plan by means of a combination of pagenumber, column and line. The page number often represents the bay number.
Gross Manifest
A manifest containing freight details without any appropriate disbursements.
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Gross Tonnage
Abbreviation: GRT
The measure of the overall size of a vessel determined in accordance with the provisions ofthe international convention on measurement of vessels usually expressed in register ton.
Gross Weight
  1. Weight (mass) of goods including packing, but excluding the carrier's equipmentexpressed in whole kilograms.
  2. The weight of a shipment including materials necessary for blocking etc. (air cargo).
Gross Weight of Container
Total weight of container including cargo (in kilograms).
Groundage
Charge for permission to anchor.
Groupage
The collection of several small consignments and the formation of one large shipmentthereof (road cargo).
Groupage Centre
A location where groupage activities take place (road-cargo).
Guarantee for customs
An enforceable legal instrument with which a customs administration can recover duties andtaxes which become payable in the event of irregularities during a transit movement.
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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
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